Abbreviations:

b. = born

bap. = baptised

c. = christened

c/m = marriage contract

d. = died

d. vita patris = died in the father's lifetime

dsp(decessit sine prole) died without issue

m. = married

DOUGLAS

OF CAVERS

 

Sir Archibald de Douglas, 1st of Cavers, was a natural son of James 2nd Earl of Douglas, and to whom the lands of Cavers were conveyed by King James I. by charter of 30 November 1412, in which they are stated to have previously been held by Archibald’s aunt, Isobel de Drummond during her widowhood.[1] He was included in a Decree Arbitral between James, Earl of Angus, and Sir Alexander Home of Dunglass relating to the rights to the lands of Bonkill, Preston and Linlaws, dated 27 February 1439, and m. a woman whose name was Margaret, however, the family to which she belonged has not been identified. He resigned his lands in favour of his son, William, in 1432, and on 24 May 1452 he and that son had an appointment from George, Earl of of Angus, for the office of keepers of the castle of Hermitage. He rendered his accounts as sheriff of Roxburgh on 19 July 1455[2] and d. before 3 January 1456, when his son and heir, William de Douglas, was in full possession of his estate. He was father of,

William de Douglas, 2nd of Cavers, had a charter for the lands and barony of Cavers and the office of sheriff of Roxburgh on his father’s resignation which were confirmed to him under the Great Seal on 24 February 1432.[3] He had succeeded his father by 3 January 1456 when he witnessed a Sasine in favour of George, Earl of Angus, for the lands of Ewisdale[4] and was father of,

Archibald de Douglas, 3rd of Cavers, succeeded his father and d. by January 1488. He was father of,

William de Douglas, 4th of Cavers, had succeeded by 29 January 1488 when he presented himself before the King and Parliament where, on bended knee, he resigned his lands of Cavers into the King’s hands for new infeftment.[5] He disponed his lands of Wellis, in the barony of Cavers, to James Rutherford of that Ilk on 15 September 1492[6] and on 2 December 1494 he is styled son and heir of the late Archibald de Douglas when the Lords Auditors delivered that he should pay 200 merks to John Rutherford of Hundlie.[7] He d. in 1506 “in defens of his realm and resisting of his inimeis of Ingland and revellis,”[8] and was father of,

  1. William Douglas, who is styled son and apparent heir to Sir William Douglas of Cavers when included in letters of protection by the King in favour of his father and others on 23 May 1502.[9] He was contracted to marry Alison, daughter of George Douglas, Master of Angus, but he appears to have d. before this could be fulfilled and she afterwards married by contract of 13 March 1510/11, to Robert Blackadder, younger of that Ilk. He dsp by 1508 when his brother, James, succeeded to the lands of Cavers, and was most probably killed in the same conflict as his father.
  2. James Douglas, 5th of Cavers, (see below).

James Douglas, 5th of Cavers, succeeded and had Sasine for the lands and barony of Cavers in 1508[10] which were confirmed to him under the Great Seal on 9 August 1511.[11] He m. by 15 August 1512, to Elizabeth Murray when a precept for their infeftment in the land of Zarlside and Pencrise, in the barony of Cavers, passed the Privy Seal,[12] and d. in 1545 having had issue,

  1. James Douglas, 6th of Cavers, (see below).
  2. William Douglas, is styled son of the late James Douglas of Cavers and brother to James Douglas, now of Cavers, in an obligation by he and others to defend territories against English encroachment, on 4 October 1545.[13]

James Douglas, 6th of Cavers, succeeded and had Sasine for the lands and barony of Cavers on 3 November 1545.[14] He m. Christine, daughter of Sir Andrew Ker of Ferniehurst, who had a liferent of the lands of Cavers reserved to her in April 1561, d. in July 1558 and was father of,

  1. William Douglas, 7th of Cavers, (see below).
  2. Robert Douglas, is included with others in an abolition of forfeiture by the King on 10 December 1585, when he is styled brother to William Douglas of Cavers.[15] His brother, Mr Archibald Douglas, disponed the kirklands and glebe of Maner to him for which a precept passed the Privy Seal on 10 March 1574/75.[16]
  3. Mr Archibald Douglas, who was presented to the Archdeaconry of Glasgow on 8 June 1573 and is then styled brother to William Douglas of Cavers.[17]

William Douglas, 7th of Cavers, succeeded his father and had Sasine for the lands of Cavers and others, on 26 April 1561.[18] He m. Euphemia, daughter of Sir William Kerr of Cessford, and was father of,

James Douglas, 8th of Cavers, in favour of whom his father resigned the lands and barony of Cavers and for which he had a confirmation under the Great Seal on 21 February 1576/77.[19] He m. Margaret, daughter of Sir John Cranston of that Ilk, (c/m 1 June 1580[20]), and d. after 29 March 1621, when he consented to the disponing the lands of Fewalroull with the mill, and others, in the barony of Cavers, to Sir Andrew Ker of Oxinham who had a confirmation for them under the Great Seal on that date,[21] and 26 May 1630 when his son, William, was in full possession of the Cavers estate. He was father of,

  1. Sir William Douglas, 9th of Cavers, (see below).
  2. Thomas Douglas, was apprenticed to John Ker, Merchant in Edinburgh, on 27 August 1634[22] and was admitted to Burgess there in right of his master on 20 January 1647.[23]
  3. Margaret Douglas, m. Mr. John Douglas, son of Mr. Archibald Douglas, Archdeacon of Glasgow, (c/m 2 December 1607[24]).

Sir William Douglas, 9th of Cavers, was served heir general to his maternal great-grandfather, William Cranston of that Ilk, on 21 May 1629[25] and had succeeded to his father’s estate by 26 May 1630. He m. Anne, daughter of William Douglas of Whittinghame, (c/m at Edinburgh and Haddington, on 6 and 8 February 1606[26]), in implementation of which his parents conveyed the fee of the barony of Cavers to them jointly with remainder to their nearest heirs whatsoever, which was confirmed under the Great Seal on 17 May 1610.[27] He was father of,

  1. Sir Archibald Douglas, 10th of Cavers, (see below).
  2. John Douglas, in favour of whom James Douglas, brother to Sir Archibald Douglas of Whittinghame, disponed his lands of Garvald, in the sheriffdom of Edinburgh, by charter of 26 May 1630 and in which he is styled second son to William Douglas of Cavers.[28] He had issue, (see Douglas of Garvald).
  3. Richard Douglas, is styled son of Sir William Douglas of Cavers when witness to a charter by Andrew Rutherford, fiar of Hunthill, granting certain of his lands to his future wife, Margaret, daughter of the deceased William Livingston of Kilsyth, on 25 February 1647[29] and served as a Colonel in the army. He dsp before 1 February 1654 when his Testament was proved.[30]
  4. Helen Douglas, m. Sir William Bruce, 2nd Baronet of Stenhouse, (he survived her and m. secondly, on 15 September 1655, to Jean Fortune[31] by whom he had further issue ; and, thirdly, on 17 April 1679, to Alison Turnbull.[32] He d. in March 1682), and had issue.

Sir Archibald Douglas, 10th of Cavers, succeeded his father. He m. Rachel, daughter of Sir John Skene, 1st of Curriehill, (c/m 5 August 1629[33]), with whom he had a conjunct charter for lands within the barony of Cavers resigned to them by his father on 5 August 1629 and confirmed under the Great Seal on 5 August 1634[34] and was father of,

  1. Sir William Douglas of Cavers, (see below).
  2. Anne Douglas, m. Sir John Murray of Fallahill, (he survived her and m. secondly, to Margaret, daughter of Sir John Scott of Scottstarvet, and widow of John Trotter of Mortonhall), and had issue.

Sir William Douglas, 11th of Cavers, m. in March of 1659, to Katherine, daughter of William Rigg of Athernie,[35] with whom he entered into a contract for the lands of Yarlside with his father on 29 January 1661, which was confirmed to them under the Great Seal on 13 September 1662.[36] He d. in December 1676 and was father of,

  1. Sir William Douglas, 12th of Cavers, succeeded his father and was served heir to him in the lands and barony of Cavers on 4 October 1687.[37] He m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Douglas, (she survived him and m. secondly, to Sir Andrew Home, Advocate, son of of Patrick Home, Earl of Marchmont, by c/m 10 April 1700[38]), and dsp in February 1698.
  2. Archibald Douglas, 13th of Cavers, (see below).
  3. Thomas Douglas, b. in May 1677 and m. Jean, daughter of Pringle of Haining. He was father of,

3a} Andrew Douglas, who settled in London and was father of,

3b} George Douglas of Cavers, succeeded to the lands of Cavers in 1786 as heir of entail, (see below).

Archibald Douglas, 13th of Cavers, succeeded his brother, William, and was served heir to him in the lands and barony of Cavers on 6 May 1698.[39] He m. at Edinburgh, on 5 January 1693, to Anna, daughter of Francis Scott of Gorrenby,[40] and d. in June 1741 “in an advanced age.”[41] He was father of,

  1. William Douglas, 14th of Cavers, succeeded his father and was served heir general to him on 25 August 1741.[42] He d. unmarried, at Edinburgh, on 18 January 1748,[43] and was succeeded by his brother, Archibald.
  2. Archibald Douglas, 15th Cavers, succeeded his brother, William, and was served heir to him on 29 March 1748.[44] He m. Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh Scott of Gala and dsp on 30 January 1774.[45]
  3. Mr. James Douglas, 16th of Cavers, succeeded his brother, Archibald, and was served heir to him in the lands of Cavers on 14 April 1774.[46] He m. at Edinburgh, on 27 May 1750, to Margaret, daughter and coheir of James Haliburton of Pitcur,[47] and dsp at Durham, on Saturday 29 July 1780.[48]
  4. John Douglas of Edderston & Cavers, served as a Captain in the army and succeeded his brother, James, being served heir to him on 23 January 1781.[49] He m. Ann, daughter of Hugh Scott of Gala and dsp on 30 May 1786, being succeeded by his cousin and heir male of entail, George Douglas, son of Andrew Douglas, in London, who was served heir to him in the barony of Cavers, on 31 October 1786.[50]
  5. Alexander Douglas, dsp at Cavers on 28 April 1780.[51]

George Douglas of Cavers, succeeded as heir of entail and was served heir to his cousin, John Douglas of Cavers, in the lands and barony of Cavers on 31 October 1786.[52] He m. on Friday 10 July 1789, to Grace, daughter of Frances Stewart, 9th Earl of Moray,[53] (she survived him and d. at Queen Street, Edinburgh, on 23 March 1846[54]), d. at Cavers, on 14 November 1814[55] and was father of,

  1. James Douglas of Cavers, (see below).
  2. Francis James Douglas, served as a Lieutenant in the Colstream Guards and d. on 29 May 1821.[56]
  3. Jane Douglas, d. unmarried, at Exmouth, on 30 December 1809.[57]

James Douglas of Cavers, succeeded his father and was served heir to him in the lands and barony of Cavers on 10 July 1815.[58] He m. at Dalry House, Edinburgh, on 7 September 1820, to Emma, daughter of Sir David Carnegie of Southesk, Baronet,[59] (she survived him and d. at Midgard, on 25 September 1882[60]), d. at Cavers House, on Saturday 17 August 1861[61] and was father of,

  1. James Douglas of Cavers, (see below).
  2. Stuart Douglas, b. in 1833 and d. unmarried, after 1851 and before 1855.
  3. Agnes Douglas, b. in 1825 and d. unmarried.[62]
  4. Mary Douglas, m. at Moray Place, Edinburgh, on 15 April 1857, to William Elphinstone Malcolm, of Burnfoot, Dumfriesshire,[63] (he survived her and m. secondly, at Branston, on 2 May 1866, to Charles Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Leslie Melville of Branston Hall[64]), and d. at Moray Place, Edinburgh, on 12 May 1859,[65] having had issue,

4a} Mary Malcolm Douglas of Cavers, b. at Moray Place, Edinburgh, on 3 May 1859 and succeeded her uncle, James Douglas of Cavers, on his death without issue in 1878, following which she assumed the surname of Douglas. She m. Captain Edward Palmer and had issue.

  1. Emma Douglas, m. at Edinburgh, on 3 July 1860, to Captain Robert E. Anderson, 3rd Bengal European Regiment,[66] and d. at Midgard, Cavers, on 11 January 1870.[67]
  2. Ellen Douglas, m. at Edinburgh, on Friday 21 October 1859, to Lieutenant George Palmer, R.N.,[68] and d. at Bexhill, on Wednesday 16 August 1911.[69]
  3. Lucy Douglas, d. unmarried, at Hatherton Lodge, Great Malvern, on 13 September 1878.[70]

James Douglas of Cavers, succeeded his father in 1861 and m. at Crawford’s Hotel, Edinburgh, on 23 June 1858, to Mary Graham, youngest daughter of Sir Andrew Agnew, 7th Baronet, of Lochnaw,[71] (she survived him and dsp at Kreuznach, Germany, on 13 July 1885[72]). He dsp at Midgard, Hawick, on Monday 29 July 1878[73] and was succeeded in his estate by his niece, Mary Malcolm.

 

___________________

 

[1] Cavers charter chest, penes Fraser.

[2] Ex. Rolls. Vol. VI. P. 95.

[3] Cavers charter chest, penes Fraser.

[4] Cavers charter chest, extracted by Fraser and published in his Douglas Book III.

[5] Parliamentary Register, 1488.

[6] C2/13/33.

[7] Parliamentary Register.

[8] PS1/4/10. His son, James, in reward for those services, had a gift from the King of the free disposition of his lands of Cavers, on 30 April 1509.

[9] PS1/2/116.

[10] Ex. Rolls. Vol. XIII. P. 659.

[11] C2/18/43.

[12] PS1/10/32.

[13] Parliamentary Register, 4th October 1545.

[14] Ex. Rolls. Vol. XVIII. P. 388.

[15] Parliamentary Register, 10th December 1585.

[16] PS1/42/120r.

[17] PS1/41/79r & 82r.

[18] Ex. Rolls. Vol. XIX. PP. 469-470.

[19] C2/34/524.

[20] RMS 1594-1608. No. 2143.

[21] C2/49/331.

[22] SRS Register of Edinburgh Apprentices.

[23] SRS Edinburgh Burgess Roll.

[24] GD34/188.

[25] C22/10/347.

[26] C2/46/152.

[27] C2/46/152.

[28] C2/56/80.

[29] RMS 1634-1651. No. 1828.

[30] CC8/8/67/PP. 447-448.

[31] OPR – Edinburgh.

[32] OPR – Edinburgh.

[33] RMS 1634-1651. No. 212.

[34] C2/55/71.

[35] Lamont’s Diary.

[36] C2/60/160.

[37] C22/40/26.

[38] RH9/7/218.

[39] C22/57/37.

[40] OPR – Edinburgh.

[41] Caledonian Mercury, 6th July 1741 edition.

[42] Services of Heirs.

[43] Caledonian Mercury, 21st January 1748 edition.

[44] Services of Heirs.

[45] Scots Magazine, 1st January 1774.

[46] Services of Heirs.

[47] Caledonian Mercury, 4th June 1750 edition.

[48] Caledonian Mercury, 31st July 1780 edition.

[49] Services of Heirs.

[50] Services of Heirs.

[51] Scots Magazine, 1st April 1780 edition.

[52] Services of Heirs.

[53] OPR – Edinburgh. See also: Stamford Mercury, 24th July 1789 edition.

[54] Inverness Courier, 8th April 1846 edition.

[55] Scots Magazine, 1st December 1814 edition.

[56] Caledonian Mercury, 9th June 1821 edition.

[57] Perthshire Courier, 18th January 1810 edition.

[58] Services of Heirs.

[59] Inverness Courier, 14th September 1820 edition.

[60] Statutory record. See also: SC62/44/71.

[61] Statutory record. See also: Fife Herald, 22nd August 1861 edition.

[62] SC70/1/137.

[63] Statutory record. See also: Greenock Advertiser, 17th April 1857 edition.

[64] Edinburgh Evening Courant, 4th May 1866 edition.

[65] Statutory record.

[66] Statutory record. See also: Caledonian Mercury, 5th July 1860 edition.

[67] Greenock Advertiser, 18th January 1870 edition.

[68] Statutory record. See also: Southern Reporter, 27th October 1859 edition.

[69] Bexhill-on-Sea Observer, 19th August 1911 edition.

[70] Leamington Spa Courier, 21st September 1878 edition.

[71] Statutory record. See also: Greenock Advertiser, 25thy June 1858 edition.

[72] SC70/1/244.

[73] Statutory record. See also: Southern Reporter, 8th August 1878 edition.